Google Analytics – Four years on

Google's official 4th birthday logo (Sep 2002) Google Analytics has come along way since the acquisition of Urchin was announced in April 2005. In this article I wanted to summarise the achievements made to date and discuss my view as the future for the product.

A brief history of Urchin

Urchin analytics has been around for some time. In fact since 1997, Urchin software has been slowly and quietly building a strong reputation for its server-side web analytics software. I first came across it in 2003, where its lightening fast processing power, small resource footprint and good value for money caught my attention. Even on a moderately specified Linux box, Urchin’s number crunching performance far exceeded anything else on the market – and still does today. This has made it particularly attractive to ISPs and web hosting companies that remain its largest customer base.

Urchin logo A differentiator for the Urchin product is its hybrid approach – combining data collection from both web server logfiles and page tag beacons results in a greater accuracy of visitor tracking. This is still the most accurate way to track web visitors, that is, without having force your visitor to login into your website (view the Accuracy Whitepaper for a detailed description). However, by 2003 the market was beginning to move away from server-side web analytics software as the method for benchmarking performance.

Instead, Marketers wanted more control. Server-side analytics is in the realm of IT departments – a place were, historically, marketing performance and user-experience measurement are not a priority. Now marketers wanted to be in the driving seat – accessing the data in order to manage and optimise campaign performance. The industry alternative was “page tagging” – that is no web server logfiles (and hence no IT) to worry about. These simplified implementations gave more independence to the marketers for web measurement.

In 2004, the San Diego based company launched their page tag web measurement service, called Urchin On-Demand. IT teams were no longer required to install or manage software. Although IT/developer input is still needed for page tag deployment, it is a much ‘lighter’ touch and less resource required than before as the responsibility for data collection, storage, archiving and reporting goes direct to Urchin. Only a page tag beacon (a small snippet of JavaScript) on each web page is required to do this.

In addition, Urchin On-Demand gained improved marketing reports – particularly for AdWords. It was this simple, yet powerful combination of a web measurement solution aimed at digital marketers, that caught Google’s attention. By April 2005 Google’s acquisition of Urchin Software Inc. was announced.

The Google impact

Since 2005, there have been 3 key phases of Google Analytics development and I believe 2010 will mark the beginning of Phase 4:

Phase 1 – Free and almost scalable (Nov 2005)

Free analytics

On November 11th 2005 Google Analytics was launched. A major part of the announcement was that the product was now free (originally Urchin On-Demand started from $500/month). This was a tipping point in the industry. Overnight Google re-wrote the entire industry business model – giving away a deep dive web analytics tool for free while everyone else charged based on volume of traffic.

The impact of that decision was dramatic. An industry that once counted its customers in the tens of thousands, now exploded. In fact so dramatic was the uptake of the service that it had to close to new subscribers for 10 months while new machines were allocated to the number crunching tasks at Google’s data centres. However, once re-opened, the user base of Google Analytics rapidly expanded and went beyond a million in a matter of months.

Looking back, the launch was a bit of a  PR disaster – the company took a lot of flak for under estimating demand (though I have no idea how it could have been done better!). But we had an alternative viewpoint – the launch still remains one of Google’s most successful product launches ever. Those within the company that had not heard of the team until then, certainly had by Friday 15th November. We were the new kids on the Googleplex block. That was a great week.

Phase 2 – The new User Interface (April 2007)

To all who witnessed the launch of Google Analytics in 2005, the product simply appeared to a re-branded version of the Urchin On-Demand service – just given away for free. Of course a great deal of hard work went into scaling the product so it could handle very large data sizes – both from the huge user base it was accumulating, but also from clients such as MySpace, YouTube etc. that had truly massive pageview volumes.

However, the fact remained that the user-interface, the most important part of any reporting tool, didn’t stand out from any other reporting tool. The launch of the new UI in April 2007 changed that (and as I was in the middle of writing the book, required  re-write!).

It was worth the wait. The same UI design is still used today and has proved so successful in user experience studies, that the format is being adopted throughout Google – notice the rounded style graphs you now see in AdWords and geo map overlay of Google Insights for example. The team responsible for that came from Adaptive Path , a Google acquisition of 2006.

Phase 3 – Enterprise features that stand out (Oct 2008)

Features that stand out form the crowd Numerous enterprise clients get real value from Google Analytics, whether its the BBC, Roche, Tetrapak or non-profits such as Unicef or the World Health Organisation, many choose Google Analytics because it answers their questions quickly and efficiently (see a fuller list of Google Analytics users ). However, naysayers have commented on a number of missing “enterprise” level features. This was addressed in October 2008 with a plethora of new announcements. These include (still in beta):

  • Advanced segments On the fly visitor segmentation. For example, show me paid search visitor metrics alongside organic visitor metrics. Custom segments can also be define e.g. show only visitors that had visited 3+ times, show visits from the UK and US combined compared to all visits, show only visits that spend at least 30 seconds on site, show only mobile visits etc, etc.
  • Report customisation Don’t like the layout of a particular report? Want to include a metric from one report e.g. revenue, in another report e.g. top content? No problem
  • AdSense integration If you are a publisher you will be familiar with the AdSense model i.e. showing Google pay-per-click ads on your site for a share of the click revenue. Now you can get your AdSense account information imported into your Google Analytics reports in a similar way to the AdWords reports. For example, impression and click through data.
  • Motion Charts Data in five dimensions! Essentially this is animated (Flash) statistics to aid with data visualisation. Its a cool feature that was the result of a Google acquisition for Trendalyzer software (a Swedish company) in 2007. Its one of the first charts I look at to gain a bigger picture overview prior to focusing down on a specific referrer/metrics/keyword etc.
  • Data APIs Previously access to the report data within Google Analytics was a manual process – go to a report, click export and save the data for that report. This can now be automated and customised with the use of the Application Programming Interface. That’s a lot of possibilities…

If I had to choose one, I would say the advanced segments feature is probably the most powerful feature Google Analytics has ever had. It allows you to drill down and gain valuable insights as to how your web site is performing like never before (previously, filters and separate profiles were required).

Of course, there is still room for the competition to differentiate themselves. In fact, I was very disappointed to hear of Microsoft’s analytics demise recently. Deepmetrix (Microsoft’s  acquisition of 2007) was a respected tool and I evaluated it alongside Urchin in 2003. It was a very close call in terms of features and flexibility and my choice to go with Urchin essentially boiled down to the building of a remote relationship – a phone call with a lady called Megan Cash at Urchin Inc. made the difference. Lucky for me that it turned out to be the winning bet!

So what’s next for Google Analytics?

Phase 4 – Integration (2010 onwards)


Of course new and clever features are always welcome if they empower the end user with actionable information. I deliberately empahsise the word actionable, as adding more data reports is pointless unless it drives action (it simply increases the “noise” level). However, the real value I feel that Google can bring to the table, is integration.

By this, I mean the integration with other Google products. Think how powerful a unified web metrics platform would be if it integrated Website Optimiser, YouTube, AdSense, Google Trends/Insights, Feedburner, Gmail, Google Docs, Widgets/iGoogle, Google Alerts, Google Groups , plus the other dozens of products being worked on that are not publicly viewable via Google Labs .

Even the current AdWords integration has some way to go. The import of cost/impression data is a doddle, but currently provides limited end-user benefit. Imagine the possibilities for bid management if you could take into account bounce rate, time on site, add-to-cart metrics etc., in addition to conversion and transaction rates. Then adjust your bids accordingly, all within one interface.

Should Google take this route, rather than become embroiled in a feature war as many competitors have done? I certainly hope so. The potential of a unified e-metrics platform is a very powerful toolset for the digital marketer.

The challenge of completing such an integration is enormous, so we won’t know for some time. But if the past investment that Google has made is anything to go by, the future will be very bright for Google Analytics. (Its odd that Microsoft cannot do this type of thing – or maybe they have an eye on a potential Yahoo acquisition…)

What are your thoughts on past achievements and the potential future for Google Analytics? As always, I would appreciate your rating of this article by clicking on the stars below.

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  1. Dan

    What are your thoughts on Microsoft’s click once to block all external content (that appears more than a few times through-out your whole browsing history), or its proper name InPrivacy Filtering.

    Not only is it easy to click on by mistake, I have seen a *lot* of people ask, and get the answer to, how to turn it on permenatly. This blocks *any* external web metrics (well anything that is on more than a site or two, and a whole heap of other stuff too).

    I wonder just how much it is effecting the visable stats between the different browsers, because it removes a portion of IE8 from being seen from any common external javascript/images/whatever…

  2. Gerry White

    Can’t wait that long – will have to advise all the people who ‘borrow’ my book that they will have to buy a copy before then!

    And before that I guess I will have to play / teach myself motion charts..!

  3. BClifton

    Gerry: Yes, its a difficult task to write a book on a constantly moving target – hence the use of this blog!

    I am about to start on revisions this summer, so expect the second edition to be available early in 2010 (hopefully Jan).

  4. Gerry White

    “Motion Charts Data …Its one of the first charts I look at to gain a bigger picture overview prior to focusing down on a specific referrer/metrics/keyword etc. ”

    Really? I never touch this, and of course it is missing from the version of the book I bought off you 😉 talking of which are you planning a revised version? its a “well used book” on my desk at work (SEO @ DirectNews), and i think another copy is something we will need to buy soon…

  5. seo firm

    A nice post on googles buying of urchin to make google analytis and different phases of how google is growing.Thanks for a great information

  6. Alex

    Been using Analytics almost since day one, but now really thinking of moving to Urchin in order to provide better user experience, especially for those who access the website from mobile phones with poor connection. But the primary concern for me is that unfortunately Urchin doesn’t provide date range comparison feature at the moment …

  7. Robert K

    Google Analytics is extremely useful. Changed quite a bit in 4 years I have to say. And heres to 4 more browser-based years of traffic tracking.

  8. BClifton

    KPInomics: An alert system is something we discussed while I was still at Google. Step 1 was getting the email export working so I guess its only a matter of time for more advanced features to be based on this.

    Sean: yes, I think pretty much every software vendor prefers the SaaS (Software as a Service) model. The most important benefits are:

    1. reduced support costs as the products runs on your servers in your environment – no figuring out why a particular hardware/OS configuration causes a problem, or paying license fees to Microsoft…
    2. recurring revenue from people being constantly supported and upgraded by default.

    At first I was pessimistic of SaaS vendors (not specifically WA vendors) because I wanted more control and customisation over the product. But over the years I have been free of the overhead of constantly managing, securing, archiving and upgrading the product(s) and that has saved me hugely in resource time and stress! I am referring to tools such as CRM systems (Salesforce), Helpdesk and ticketing systems as well as web analytics.

    Rubens: take a look at the Stats tab on the left side of this page: I am not sure exactly how they are doing this (a kind of pseudo API/page scrapping) script but its pretty cool!

  9. Rubens Santos

    Given the prominent role G.A. has achieved in the market worldwide, would be useful if the site owner could create custom reports and give open access to them (via a public url). It could be an easy way to “certificate” a web site’s audience.

  10. Sean Carlos


    Very interesting the considerations regarding a move from log analysis to JavaScript tracking. I was always under the impression that commercial considerations were the primary driver in this move.

    After all, who gained in the move from server applications in house to hosted browser based tracking? IT, I think not. Web Analytics is still a pain point for IT, you’ve just moved the pain from the operations of running an application (not indifferent considering the data quantities) to web development – insuring pages and items are properly tagged – not a simple proposition either. Especially when “someone” forgot the include file with the tracking code after the new code was ported from staging to production. I wonder if there is any data on how often this happens?

    Yet the vendors seemed to have gained a lot by moving from a licensed software model to an ongoing consumption fee model, at least until they were undercut with “free” solutions.

  11. Joan

    I like the new interface and the cool enterprise features. It helps makes things easier to get all this fuctionality out of the box. Look forward to further integration capabilities.

  12. Stacy

    Great article. Google Analytics is an amazing tool. thnx for the post.

  13. KPInomics

    One feature that would be good and simple to implement would be an email or SMS alert for percentage or value changes in PVs, Visits, Sales or any other metrics. I’d imagine that would be something that would be pretty useful. Omniture is already able to provide that and I don’t see why Google can’t.
    Is that something that’s being worked on secretly?

  14. Scott Crosby

    Great article Brian, I share your vision of the future 🙂

    Funny how instrumental ol’ Megan Cash was eh?

  15. Brett Crosby

    Good stuff Brian, thanks for remembering. Go Megan Cash!!!

    Yesterday was my 4 yr wedding anniversary. I signed the deal with Google literally moments before walking down the aisle. That was a big day… and an awesome party.

  16. VKI  Studios

    It’s good to see the history, even for those of us who have been around a little while.

    And I totally agree with you, if GA can continue to focus on integration instead of just features, the tool will continue to be best in breed. (take note googlers – another vote cast).

    You should have include the GAAC program in there. So many great things have come out of that partnership. Advanced testing, new ideas, user feedback and even really cool applications using firefox etc. Another big step in the development of the product was partnering with the expert users.

    Thanks Brian

    • BClifton

      VKI: Thanks for the comment. You are absolutely right about the GAAC program – I reference them in the Getting Help section.

      To add the history from a personal point of view… developing the GAAC network in Europe was something I took on while at Google. To me, having been an Urchin Partner in the early days, it simply makes sense to partner with independent experts. In Europe during 2006, it doubled in size (though from a small base) but then unfortunately stalled due to a lack of resources. However, its great to see the GAAC network flourish again – and double again in size last year!

      Brett: Happy anniversar(ies)! How could I forget…! Always the professional – business before pleasure 🙂


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